Congratulations Annamie Paul!

On behalf of the Brant Greens, I’d like to add our congratulations to Annamie Paul, the Green Party of Canada’s newly minted leader.  In the days following the election, Annamie rose to the challenge, demonstrating over and over why she is our best choice to take the GPC to the next level.  So far the volume of media exposure has been stunning, and Ms. Paul has kept the string of press conferences and interviews lively, bringing many facets of GPC policy into the national conversation.  Brava!


YouTube: Annamie Paul, Leader of the Green Party of Canada

About the GPC Leadership Voting System

In Canada, most political parties use a preferential ballot to choose their party leaders.

When the ERRE Parliamentary Process for Electoral Reform didn’t to deliver Justin Trudeau’s favourite voting system, the then-new Prime Minister used his majority power to pull the plug on the whole thing.

The voting system Justin Trudeau wanted goes by many different names, depending where in the world you are and who is selling it.  Winston Churchill called it the Alternative Vote (AV), and it is also familiar to Americans as Instant Runoff Voting (IRV) or  Ranked Choice Voting (RCV).  The system uses a preferential or ranked ballot, so Canadian Liberals have promoted it as “Preferential Ballot” or “ranked ballot”.

But no matter what name you use, citizens, parliamentarians, and experts alike rejected it, as it is another winner-take-all voting system that fails to deliver Proportional Representation.

But this voting system is considered acceptable in Canadian elections for political party leaders where there can only be a single winner. Alternative Vote is considered an improvement on First Past The Post because it decreases the impulse to vote strategically when party members share the same values.  The ability to rank all candidates frees voters to vote sincerely and allow the membership to choose a leader acceptable to a majority of voters.

In this system, voters use a preferential ballot to rank the candidates in their preferred order.

23,877 ballots were cast by GPC members, so 11,939 votes (50% +1) were needed to win the leadership.  When all the votes are cast and counted, none of the eight candidates achieved that on the first count, so the last place candidate was eliminated, and ballots cast for them were redistributed to the remaining candidates based on the next choice on the ballot.  This proccess was then repeated through eight rounds of counting before a winner was declared.

If the Green Party of Canada were to adopt a co-leadership model, as Greens in the UK do, we could have used the Single Transferable Vote to determine our co-leaders.  When used in such a multi winner election, a preferential ballot can be used to achieve Proportional Representation.

An STV election works in much the same way as AV/IRV, but instead of a single candidate winning with a majority of votes, the winners would each need to reach a vote quota determined by the number of voters and number of positions available.

This time, however, the first votes to be redistributed are the excess votes the candidates received when they exceed the quota. If all winners have not been elected after the excess votes have been transferred to other candidates, the candidate with the least number of votes would be eliminated, and their ballots would be redistributed to those remaining.

Again, the process would be repeated until all quotas are reached.


YouTube: STV voting on the Death Star in 1 minute

Image Credits

Annamie Paul with Green Party of Canada supporters” © by Annamie Paul released under a Creative Commons Attribution Sharealike License CC BY-SA

“IRV Counting Flow Chart” © by Zerodamage released under a Creative Commons Attribution Sharealike License CC BY-SA 3.0, on Wikimedia Commons

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TODAY is the day! Vote #GPCldr

YouTube: CBC News: Green Party Leadership | Special Coverage | YouTube”>CBC News: Green Party Leadership | Special Coverage

Voting in the Green Party of Canada 2020 leadership contest ends today at 3:30 pm Pacific Time, here in Ontario at 6 pm Eastern Time, or at 7pm Atlantic Time.

If you haven’t already cast your ballot, don’t delay!

Members already have received their ballots.  If you haven’t, contact the party by email at elections@greenparty.ca or call 1-866-868-3447 for assistance.  It would be terrible to miss your chance to have a say in what candidate David Merner correctly describes as the most important decision the Green Party of Canada has made in 13 years.

Every green member should vote for what you want.  We have a great slate of candidates, and I recommend ranking every candidate to ensure your vote counts.

JOIN US LIVE

(GPC logo) Green Party of Canada | 2020 Leadership Contest | Join us live! Tonight - October 3 | 6PM ET (CBC Logo) (Facebook Logo) (Youtube Logo) with pgotos 9of contestants Annamie Paul, David Merner, Amita Kuttner, Glen Murray, Dimitri Lascaris, Meryam Haddad, Andrew West and Dr Courtney Howard

The Green Party leader will be chosen after the ballots are counted tonight (October 3rd, 2020).

All Leadership contestants will gather in Ottawa for the results, and members are invited to join in virtually through the live broadcast on

Youtube
https://www.youtube.com/c/canadiangreenparty

Facebook
https://www.facebook.com/GreenPartyofCanada

CBC news on TV or Online https://www.cbc.ca/news
CBC Gem https://gem.cbc.ca/
CBC News App Apple Store or Google Play

I can’t improve on what Paul Manly wrote:

“I made a pledge to remain neutral during this leadership contest and I am sticking to that commitment. There are some brilliant candidates in this contest to choose from. The membership is going to decide on our new leader and I will respect that choice. I pledge to work with whoever becomes the new leader.

Despite any differences we have, it is the things we agree on as Greens that bind us together. We are a party that puts people and the planet ahead of corporate profits. We believe in service above self. We know what we want for our children and grandchildren, and we want those things for all humankind.

I am looking forward to working with the new leader of the Green Party of Canada. I’m grateful to the leadership candidates for stepping up and giving their all to this campaign.”

Don’t delay.  VOTE.
Vote Your Values GPC | Green Party of Canada | Parti Vert du Canada

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The Importance Of Filling The Entire Ballot in Ranked Voting

Green Party of Canada members are currently voting for the next party leader. There are eight candidates, representing a wide spectrum of ideas, policies, and philosophies. Naturally, this has polarized the Green Party membership, who really like some candidates, and really dislike some others.

Because there are candidates with widely (wildly?) divergent views from some Green Party members, some of those members have decided to rank only their top choices, not wanting to give any weight to candidates they don’t like. That’s a mistake — a form of strategic voting, and it doesn’t work with ranked ballots.

If you mark only two or three candidates (or only one!) then your ballot may become exhausted after only two or three rounds of counting. Exhausted ballots are removed from counting and don’t have any further influence over the outcome of the election. It’s like First-Past-The-Post all over again, your vote is essentially wasted.

This leadership election is likely to be a very tight race, and it is likely that it will take seven rounds of counting to establish a winner. If your ballot is incomplete, you won’t be participating in those final rounds, and you’ll have no say in who becomes the next leader of the Green Party of Canada.

Especially if you have strong views against a particular candidate, it is better to rank them last on the ballot than to leave them off altogether. Ranking them last ensures your second-least favourite candidate still has a chance to edge out your least favourite candidate in the last round of counting, should it come to that.

Here’s an example of a ranked ballot election where exhausted ballots could have changed the outcome of the election, if only those ballots had been completed…

Example of a Ranked Ballot Election

where exhausted ballots could have changed the outcome

Candidates in the Ranked Ballot Example

  1. Alice Able
  2. Bertie Baker
  3. Charlie Canvas
  4. Diane Dollar
  5. Evan Eager

For the Green Party leadership election, the voting is done online (except for a few mail-in ballots). But for the sake of simplicity, let’s imagine we’ve all been issued paper ballots with five lines on which we can write in the names of five candidates.

In our example, one thousand voters cast their ballots, and the ballots are sorted into five piles based on the first vote position. This is the first round of voting.

First Round Results
 
 
 
 
 
 
Alice Able Bertie Baker Evan Eager Diane Dollar Charlie Canvas (exhausted ballots)
300 250 180 170 100 0

All the ballots have a name in the first position, so there are no exhausted ballots in the first round of counting. No candidate has a majority (50% of 1000 plus one, or 501 votes), so the ballots for the candidate with the lowest count (Charlie Canvas) are redistributed to the other candidates based on the second choice on those ballots, and the first choice is crossed out.

Here are some sample ballots from Charlie Canvas’s pile of 100. Some voters have decided to rank only certain candidates, and have not completed their ballot:

Ballots for re-distribution
  1. Charlie Canvas
  2. Alice Able
  3. Bertie Baker
  4. Diane Dollar
  5. Evan Eager
  1. Charlie Canvas
  2. Evan Eager
  3. Alice Able
  4. Bertie Baker
  5. Diane Dollar
  1. Charlie Canvas
  2. Alice Able
  3. Bertie Baker
  4. Diane Dollar
  5. Evan Eager
  1. Charlie Canvas
  2. Diane Dollar
  3. Alice Able
  4. Bertie Baker
  5. Evan Eager
  1. Charlie Canvas
  2. Evan Eager
  3.  
  4.  
  5.  

In this example Charlie Canvas’s 100 ballots are redistributed, 25 to each of the remaining candidates. The ballots are counted again, in a second round:

Second Round Results
 
 
 
 
 
Alice Able Bertie Baker Evan Eager Diane Dollar (exhausted ballots)
325 275 195 205 0

In our example, Diane Dollar now has more votes than Evan Eager, and edges ahead.

Again, no-one has a majority, so again the ballots for the last place candidate, Evan Eager, are redistributed. The ballots with Evan Eager as first choice are redistributed to the second choice candidate, but the ballots with Charlie Canvas as first choice and Evan Eager as second choice are redistributed based on the third choice candidate.

Here are some samples from Evan Eager’s 195 ballots:

Ballots for re-distribution
  1. Evan Eager
  2. Alice Able
  3. Bertie Baker
  4. Charlie Canvas
  5. Diane Dollar
  1. Evan Eager
  2. Diane Dollar
  3. Charlie Canvas
  4. Alice Able
  5. Bertie Baker
  1. Evan Eager
  2. Diane Dollar
  3. Alice Able
  4. Bertie Baker
  5. Charlie Canvas
  1. Charlie Canvas
  2. Evan Eager
  3. Alice Able
  4. Bertie Baker
  5. Diane Dollar
  1. Charlie Canvas
  2. Evan Eager
  3.  
  4.  
  5.  

Incomplete ballots that list only Charlie Canvas and Evan Eager are “exhausted”, and removed from the count. Exhausted ballots can no longer influence the outcome of the election.

Evan Eager’s 195 ballots are redistributed: 50 to Alice Able, 75 to Bertie Baker, 50 to Diane Dollar, and 20 are exhausted:

Third Round Results
 
 
 
 
Alice Able Bertie Baker Diane Dollar (exhausted ballots)
375 350 255 20

Because there are 20 exhausted ballots there are now only 980 valid ballots, so a majority is now 50% of 980 plus one, or 491. No candidate has a majority.

This time, Diane Dollar’s ballots are redistributed, some to the second choices where Diane Dollar was first choice, some to the third choice where Charlie Canvas or Evan Eager were first and second choices, and even some to the fourth choice where Charlie Canvas, Evan Eager, and Diane Dollar were first, second and third choices:

Ballots for re-distribution
  1. Diane Dollar
  2. Alice Able
  3. Bertie Baker
  4. Charlie Canvas
  5. Evan Eager
  1. Diane Dollar
  2. Bertie Baker
  3. Charlie Canvas
  4. Alice Able
  5. Evan Eager
  1. Diane Dollar
  2. Evan Eager
  3. Alice Able
  4. Bertie Baker
  5. Charlie Canvas
  1. Charlie Canvas
  2. Diane Dollar
  3. Evan Eager
  4. Alice Able
  5. Bertie Baker
  1. Charlie Canvas
  2. Evan Eager
  3. Diane Dollar
  4.  
  5.  

Diane Dollar’s 255 ballots are redistributed (80 to Alice Able, 120 to Bertie Baker, 55 exhausted), and the redistributed ballots are counted a fourth time:

Fourth Round Results
 
 
 
Alice Able Bertie Baker (exhausted ballots)
455 470 75

With 75 exhausted ballots a majority is now 50% of 925 plus one, or 463.

…and now there’s a majority! Bertie Baker has 470 votes, 15 more than Alice Able’s 455.

Note that the difference between the first place and second place is less than the number of exhausted ballots. If the people who cast those exhausted ballots had completed the entire ballot, it is entirely possible that the outcome of this election would have been different!

Alternate outcome

If the 20 exhausted ballots in the Third Round had had a third-place ranking for Alice Able, then Evan Eager’s 195 ballots would have been redistributed with 70 to Alice Able, 75 to Bertie Baker, 50 to Diane Dollar, and 0 exhausted. The outcome would have been:

Alternate Third Round Results
 
 
 
 
Alice Able Bertie Baker Diane Dollar (exhausted ballots)
395 350 255 0

Now, in the fourth round when Diane Dollar’s ballots are redistributed the same way (80 to Alice Able, 120 to Bertie Baker, 55 exhausted) the results are drastically different. With only 55 exhausted ballots the majority is 50% of 945 plus one, or 473, and now Alice Able is the winner!

Alternate Fourth Round Results
 
 
 
Alice Able Bertie Baker (exhausted ballots)
475 470 55

Conclusion

It is very important to compelete your ranked ballot. Even a small difference in third- or fourth place rankings can make a significant difference to the election outcome!


One final observation that has nothing to do with the voting system: I’ll be casting my ballot at the last possible moment, just in case one of the leadership candidates makes a profound announcement in the last few hours that changes my ranking of that candidate. One vote, one ranking position can make all the difference!

–Bob.

Bob Jonkman was the Green Party of Canada candidate for Brantford-Brant in 2019, has been a member of Fair Vote Canada since 2007, and has served on the Executive board of Fair Vote Waterloo between 2010 and 2020.

Poster showing the 8 GPC Leadership Candidate Nominees

Posted in Uncategorised | 1 Comment

More GPC Leadership Contest Events

GPC Leadership events are coming fast and furious as the end of the contest draws near.

Green Party of Canada Leadership Contestants Meryam Haddad, Glen Murray, Annamie Paul, Dimitri Lascaris, Amita Kuttner, Andrew West, David Merner and Courtney Howard

In case you missed it, here’s a link to the Green Party of Canada Leadership Debate hosted by the Ontario Clean Air Alliance, What to do about Climate Change?

TONIGHT: September 20th, 2020

Heartwood Institute GPC Leadership Debate

There’s another Green Party of Canada Leadership Debate tonight, hosted by the Heartwood InstituteThis event plans to focus on how our potential Leaders would go about getting more Green MPs elected and grow the Green movement at the federal, provincial and municipal levels.  You can REGISTER HERE: https://zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_pYa_CPOzQnO9x4G3HlMDbQ

Off the Grid:
Sadly Meryam Haddad won’t be able to attend the Heartwood event as she will be hosting her Watermelon Revolution Convention.  Convention events start in the afternoon, so it will be possible to catch at least some of it before the Heartwood Debate.To participate in the Q & A you can REGISTER HERE: https://meryam2020.us18.list-manage.com/subscribe?u=316067281a43bb8a1f45fe8dd&id=b12cb0b1b5
Watermelon Revolution Schedule
4:30 (ET) Land Back
5:20 Police Abolition
6:10 Green Jobs
7:00 Building a Coalition
7:45 Chat with Meryam

Or watch the Livestream Here: youtu.be/RySuRhnPkKI

Things to Come

French Language Green Party of Canada Leadership Debate
Details are still being worked out for this one, scheduled to happen on September 25th, the last day before voting begins.  Check out the GPC Leadership Contest Page for details.

October 3rd, 2020: Election night!

At long last, the ballots will be counted and the new leader of the Green Party will be announced. Contestants will gather in Ottawa for the results and we encourage you to join us virtually! Follow the excitement as the GPC broadcasts it live on Youtube and Facebook.

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TONIGHT: Why Canada needs Guaranteed Livable Basic Income

Bob Jonkman looks over "What is Basic Income" handout at the at the Ontario Liberal Party's Waterloo Region Basic Income Consultation

at the Ontario Liberal Party’s Basic Income Consultation, Waterloo Region (January, 2017)

Thursday, September 17, 2020 – 19:00 to 20:30

Tonight you’re invited to join Green Party MP Paul Manly as he hosts a virtual national town hall with Coalition Canada: Basic Income in discussion about the Guaranteed Livable Basic Income.  The panel of experts will explain the basics, consider the benefits, and bust some myths about basic income.

Panelists:

  • Senator Kim Pate: An independent senator who has advanced the national conversation around basic income. Senator Pate is a nationally renowned advocate who has spent nearly 40 years working in and around the legal and penal systems of Canada, with and on behalf of some of the most marginalized, victimized, criminalized and institutionalized — particularly imprisoned youth, men and women.
  • Tracy Smith Carrier: Associate Professor in the School of Social Work at King’s University College at Western University. Dr. Smith-Carrier’s research and policy analysis, examines if, and how, marginalized groups access programs and services in the post-welfare state. Her current research projects involve examining trends in intergenerational social assistance receipt, research on charitable and justice models of social support, human rights, and the design and delivery of basic income. She is Chair of Basic Income, London Ontario.
  • Evelyn Forget: Economist and Professor in the School of Medicine at the University of Manitoba. Dr. Forget’s research has focused on the data associated with a basic income field experiment conducted in Manitoba in the 1970s. She has been consulted by governments in Ontario, British Columbia, Quebec, Finland, the Netherlands and Scotland on this topic. Her research has been featured on CBC Ideas, PBS Marketplace, and in the documentary The Free Lunch Society. An updated edition of her book, Basic Income for Canadians, is due out Oct. 12th.
  • Robert Case: Associate Professor of Social Development Studies at Renison University College, Waterloo, and Chair of the Wellington Water Watchers, a Guelph-based water advocacy organization. Dr. Case’s research and teaching interests include social welfare policy; community organization; community resilience, localism and community-based activism; social development and the environment; social ecology.
  • Monika Ciolek: Monika was a participant in the Ontario Basic Income pilot project. She is a sole support parent and a self-represented performance artist based out of Hamilton, Ontario. Having spent 14 years on Ontario Works, and over 20 years learning her industry, Monika has dealt with issues of women’s rights within the cultural sector.

Live simultaneous French translation will be provided.

REGISTER NOW

https://zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_LhSFdmXqSdWRtkJMUk4rvA

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Green Party Leadership: Foreign Policy

Green Party of Canada 2020 Leadership Contest logoThe Green Party’s 2020 Leadership Contest continues with a foreign policy debate organized by
rabble.ca and the Canadian Foreign Policy Institute.

Register for the Webinar at: https://us02web.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_fYSwxIi5Q8e3gFl01hAhKg?fbclid=IwAR27DJKRsPaJEGTs1LQWKKLsLkmossM2eVEqsJgqzl-6O6WMDXbvsN-4o1g

Thursday, 10 September 2020 at 7:00pm EDT

Poster: Canada's Place In The World | Green Party of Canada Leadership Debate | Thursday September 10, 2020 | 7:00pm | Register Now. | organized by rabble.ca and the Canadian Foreign Policy Institute | Moderated by journalist Judy Rebick

You’ll be able to watch it on Youtube:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NIA9JN85evo

Or sign up for the Facebook event:
https://www.facebook.com/events/951459241947768/

Although the deadline to join the Green Party of Canada to vote for leader is past, non-members are invited to follow the race.  Our original field of ten candidate nominees has been reduced to eight on the ballot:

(of course, you can join the Green Party of Canada at any time, then you can participate in other GPC activities!)

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If you want to vote, the clock is ticking #GPCleadership2020

Poster showing the 8 GPC Leadership Candidate Nominees

Check out the candidates official bios at https://www.greenparty.ca/en/leadership-contest#contestants

It’s not too late! You have until tomorrow– Thursday, September 3rd, 2020 to join the Green Party of Canada (or renew your lapsed membership) in time to vote for the next Green Party of Canada Leader.

Judy N Green has withdrawn her candidacy and thrown her support behind David Merner, so now the candidate nominees are down to 8:

Join the Green Party of Canada

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Help choose our new Leader: Join the GPC

The Green Party of Canada isn’t quite like any other Canadian political party.  Which is why our Green Party leaders are not like other party leaders.

The GPC is a truly grass root party: our policy is developed by the membership.  Green Party members are united by six core values, and these values have shaped party policy.   Our party leader isn’t the boss who tells us what to do: our leader is the spokesperson who shares our vision and our policies with Canadians.

In the past, defenders of the status quo have dismissed Green ideas as impractical or unrealistic.  But in the midst of the COVID-19 Pandemic, suddenly the GPC Guaranteed Livable Income policy has been piloted by CERB, the Canadian Emergency Response Benefit.  And Canadians can see this makes sense.

The world is changing, and Green Voices are being heard.  This means we need to be sure to choose the best all around candidate to lead the way forward for Greens.  We are fortunate to have 9 excellent candidates to choose from.

If you are not yet a member, but are interested in Green Policy, maybe its time you joined.  If you become a member September 3rd, 2020, you will have the opportunity to help decide who will lead the Greens through this critical time.

Join the Green Party of Canada

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Ontario Townhall with GPC Leadership Contestants

Thursday, July 30th, 2020 | 7:30pm-8:30pm | Meet The Candidates | Ontario 2020 | Green Party of Canada 2020 Leadership Contest | Digital Townhall with GPC Leadership Contestants | Register! | https://www.greenparty.ca/en/content/ontario-townhall-gpc-leadership-contestants

Don’t miss our regional GPC Leadership townhall on Thursday Night for your chance to hear the leadership contestants discuss Ontario issues!

Got questions for the Candidates?  Submit them in advance!
Register NOW!!

Event Date

Thursday, July 30, 2020 – 19:00 to 20:30 EDT

Green Party website: Ontario Townhall with GPC Leadership Contestants

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Green Party Leadership 2020

Green Party of Canada/Parti Vert Leadership candidates Judy N Green, Amita Kuttner, David Merner, Glen Murray, Annamie Paul, Meryam Haddad, Courtney Howard, Dimitri Lascaris, Dylan Perceval-Maxwell and Andrew West.When Elizabeth May stepped down as leader, it triggered a Green Party of Canada Leadership Contest.  When the dust settled there were 10 excellent Candidates:

1st Debate: Fair Vote Canada presents the Green Leadership Debate on Democracy

2nd Debate: The Agenda with Steve Paikin​ presents Who Will Lead the Federal Green Party?

The first half of the Green Party Debate will air on The Agenda on TVO tonight, June 23rd, 2020, and the second part will run tomorrow night, June 24th, 2020.


UPDATE: Dylan Perceval-Maxwell is no longer a leadership candidate.

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